Every year, millions of people are forcibly displaced by floods,
tropical storms, earthquakes, droughts, glacial melting, and other
natural hazards. Many find refuge within their own country but
some have to move abroad. In the context of climate change, such
displacement is likely to increase. National and international
responses to this challenge are insufficient, and protection for
affected people remains inadequate.
Launched in October 2012 by the Governments of Norway and
Switzerland, the Nansen Initiative is a state-led, bottom-up
consultative process intended to build consensus on the development
of an Agenda for the Protection of Cross-Border Displaced
Persons in the Context of Disasters and Climate Change.
To feed the process with good practices and build a knowledge
base, the Nansen Initiative has held inter-governmental Regional
Consultations and civil society meetings in the Pacific, the
Americas, Africa, Asia, and Europe to explore the protection and
assistance needs of people displaced across borders in the
context of disasters and the effects of climate change.
This booklet presents the main lessons learned and conclusions reached
over the course of this three-year consultative process.