Urbanisation, disasters and displacement in Central America and Southeast Asia
This report examines issues that arise when addressing displacement in the context of disasters, when urban areas are a source and/or destination of displacement. Research considered the operational and policy challenges related to the three phases of displacement: prevention of displacement, protection and humanitarian assistance during displacement and the search for durable solutions. The report examines the experiences of El Salvador and the Philippines, countries selected because they are highly exposed to hazards and the effects of climate change, their populations are at heightened risk of displacement and displacement regularly occurs after disasters. These highly urbanised and disaster prone countries offer valuable perspective on the challenges of protecting displaced people and conducting disaster management in urban areas.