Changing Climate, Moving People: Framing Migration, Displacement and Planned Relocation

Koko Warner, Tamer Afifi, Walter Kaelin, Scott Leckie, Beth Ferris, Susan F. Martin, David Wrathall


Changing weather and climate conditions worldwide – in com- bination with livelihood and food production systems, political trends, and human welfare – have affect patterns of human mobility and human population distribution. Research since
the 1980s has inquired about the relationship between Earth ́s changing environments and the movements of people – from voluntary and forced migration, displacement, on to relocation (Castles, 2002). Early research tried to estimate or even predict the number of people that might be on the move in relation to things like climate change.1 As early as 1990, the Intergovern- mental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) warned that significant levels of human mobility could occur as a result of changing climatic conditions (Brown, 2008).